सभी गोस्वामी मित्रों का सादर ॐ नमो नारायणा
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उम्मीद ही नहीं पूरा विश्वास है की आप सभी जनों का सहयोग प्राप्त होता रहेगा ...
सनातन दसनाम गोस्वामी समाज
Names for the Goswami :-Goswami, Gosavi, Gosai, Gussai, Mahant, Jogi, Sanyasi, Dandi, Dashnami – A name for the orders of religious mendicants of the soviet sect, from which a caste has now developed Dashnam Goswami are found all over India.The Sanskrit world Go signifies either five senses, a ray of light, or cow.So Goswami means, Master of the five senses (Pnachendriya), a ray of light or master of cow, its significance sometimes varies. Dashnam Goswami can be divided in to Gharbari(who marries) and Sanyasi(who do not marry) In Bengal the heads of Bairagi or Vaishanav monasteries are called Gosain and the priests of the Vishnuite Vallabhachrya sect are known as Gokulastha Gosain. But over most of the India, as in central provinces Gosain appears to be a name applied to member of the soviet order.Sannyasi means one who abandons the desires of the world and the body. Properly every Brahman should become a Sanyasi in the fourth stage or ashram of his life when after marrying and begetting a son to celebrate his funeral rites in the second stage, he should retire to the forest, become a hermit and conquer all the appetites and passions of the body in the third stage thereafter, when the process of mortification is complete he should beg his bread as a Sanyasi. But now only those who enter the religions orders now becomes Sanyasis, and the name is therefore confined to them Dasnami means the ten names, and refers to the ten orders in which the Gosains or soviet anchorites are commonly classified. Sadhus generic term for a religions mendicant. The name Gosain is now more commonly applied to the married members of the caste, who pursue ordinary avocations, while the mendicants are known as Sadhu or Sanyasis.
1) Dasnami SampradayaOne of the major achievements of Acharya Shankaracharya was to organize the Hindu monasticism. He divided the Hindu monks into ten sects called "Dasnami" and organized them under four heads with the Headquarters at Dwaraka in the West, Jagannatha Puri in the East, Rameswaram in the South and Badrikashrama in the North. These became the four sacred "Dhams", "Holy Places" of the Hindus. He also enumerated other details of the order of Hindu monks grouped under these heads for their identity. Although there are today a number of Hindu monastic sects, the most authentic are the ten established by Acharya Shankara.
2) Brahmin goswamiBrahmin goswami is a typically a title bestowed on people who choose the path of Sannyasa. The sanyasins or disciples of Adi Shankaracharya are also called "Dash Nam" as the Title Goswami is further divided into ten groups viz. Giri, Puri, Bharti, Ban, Aranya, Sagar, Aashram, Saraswati, Tirth, Yogi and Parwat. These all dashnam Goswamis are associated with four Math in four corners of India, established by Adi Shankaracharya. Initially all the disciples were Sanyasins who embraced sanyas either after marriage or without getting married. Since, sanyasins are considered as Brahmin therefore during the course of time, those who embraced married life on the order of their guru and their decedents are considered Brahmins with the surname Goswami. Being a Goswami Sanyasin includes a vow of celibacy. Some religious traditions use the title Swami for those who had never married, and Goswami for those who had been married in that life and vow not to marry again. This is also the source of the surname Gosain. Goswami can also refer to an individual from the Brahmin caste of the Hindu religion.
3) Dasanama SanyasinsSanaka, Sanandana, Sanat-Kumara and Sanat-Sujata were the four mind-born sons of Lord Brahma. They refused to enter the Pravritti Marga or worldly life and entered the Nivritti Marga or the path of renunciation. The four Kumaras were the pioneers in the path of Sannyasa. Sri Dattatreya also is among the original Sannyasins. The Sannyasins of the present day are all descendants of the four Kumaras, Dattatreya and Sankaracharya. Sri Sankaracharya, regarded as an Avatara of Lord Siva and the eminent exponent of Kevala Advaita philosophy, established four Maths (monasteries) one at Sringeri, another at Dvaraka, a third at Puri and a fourth at Joshi Math in the Himalayas, on the way to Badrinarayana shrine. Sri Sankara had four Sannyasin disciples, viz., Suresvara, Padmapada, Hastamalaka and Totaka. Suresvara was in charge of Sringeri Math, Padmapada was in charge of Puri Math, Hastamalaka was in charge of Dvarka Math and Totaka was in charge of Joshi Math. The Sannyasins of Sringeri Math, the spiritual descendants of Sri Sankara and Suresvacharya, have three names, viz., Sarasvati, Puri and Bharati. The Sannyasins of the Dvaraka Math have two names, viz., Tirtha and Asrama. The Sannyasins of the Puri Math have two names, viz., Vana and Aranya. The Sannyasins of the Joshi Math have three names, viz., Giri, Parvata and Sagara. The Dasanamis worship Lord Siva or Lord Vishnu, and meditate on Nirguna Brahman. The Dandi Sannyasins, who hold staff in their hands, belong to the order of Sri Sankara. Paramhansa Sannyasins do not hold staff. They freely move about as itinerant monks. Avadhutas are naked Sannyasins. They do not keep any property with them. The Sannyasins of the Ramakrishna Mission belong to the order of Sri Sankara. They have the name Puri. Then, there are Akhada Sannyasins, viz., Niranjana Akhada and Jhuni Akhda. They belong to the order of Sri Sankara. They are Dasanamis. They are found in the Uttar Pradesh State only. Rishikesh and Haridwar are colonies for Sannyasins. Varanasi also is among the chief abodes of Sannyasins.
3) Dasanami's Math, Pada, Gotras ...
|Dakshina- Amnaya |
|Paschima- Amnaya |
|Math - Monastery||Shringeri||Dwaraka||JagannathPuri||Jyotirdham|
|Pada(Order)||Puri, Sarasvati, Bharati||Tirth, Ashram||Vana, Aranya||Giri, Parvat. Sagar|
|Mahavakya||Aham-Brahmasmi||Tattvamasi||Prajnanum Brahma||AyamAtma Brahma|
4) Ten ordersThe Gosains consider their founder to have been Shankaracharya, the great apostle of the revival of the worship of Siva in Southern India , who lived between the eighth centuries. He had four disciples Sureswar,Hastamalaka Padmapada,Totakacharya, from whom the ten order of Gosai's are derived. These are commonly defined as follows :
Dattatreya as incarnation of Siva. The commonest orders in the Central Provinces are Giri, Puri and Bharthi and Aranya, Sagara and Parbat orders are rarely met .